Monkeypox has "various mechanisms of spread": expert

Monkeypox has “various mechanisms of spread”: expert

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Dr. Ann Remoen, professor of epidemiology at UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, notes that Monkeypox has “various mechanisms of spread.”

Rimoin, who said she has studied the virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for two decades, explained how it could spread a day after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the international monkeypox outbreak now public. Health Emergencies of International Concern (PHEIC).

Speaking on Fox News Live, Remoen noted that “we know a lot about monkeypox in the context of low-resource settings, in places like the Democratic Republic of Congo, but we really have to be humble about what we know about how this virus spreads with the potential to spread.” world in a resource-rich environment.

And she continued, “What we see now is that this virus spreads rapidly through very close contact between people,” stressing that the virus “can spread in many different ways.”

Financially stressed sexual health clinics on the front line of Monkey Box response

Monkeypox expert Dr. Anne Remoen explains the different ways the virus can spread.
(Cynthia S. Goldsmith, Russell Regner/CDC via AP, file)

The monkeypox expert noted that the virus can also be spread by so-called fomites, which are items, including sheets, clothes and towels, that can transmit infection.

She also stressed that “very close personal contact” is another reason for the rapid spread.

Remoen pointed out that the virus spreads in Africa mostly as a result of exposure to animals.

“And then a lot of times we can see this personal contact, which then continues and it can be from someone who’s sick, and the pests are touching the bed sheets, the clothes, those things, and then someone else in contact with them can get it.”

While the United Nations health agency has discussed the issue previously, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus explained at a briefing on Saturday that the International Health Regulations (IHR) Emergency Committee had generally agreed that transmission of the virus at the time “did not represent a [PHEIC]. “

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WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus holds a press conference on December 20, 2021 at WHO headquarters in Geneva.

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus holds a press conference on December 20, 2021 at WHO headquarters in Geneva.

Since then, he noted, the monkeypox outbreak has continued to grow, with more than 16,000 cases reported from 75 countries and territories. As of Saturday, there were five confirmed deaths.

There is a clear risk of increased international spread, Tedros said, although noting that the risk of interference with international traffic remains low, and the risk is assessed as high.

Although monkeypox virus has been present in Central and West Africa for decades, it was not known to cause large outbreaks outside the continent or to spread widely among people until last May. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported 2,891 confirmed cases of monkeypox and orthopoxvirus—most of them in New York, where vaccination efforts have encountered technical problems.

“Viruses do not remain in one community,” Rimoin stressed.

“We all live together, there’s a lot of travel, there’s a lot of commerce, there’s a lot of commuting, so maybe that’s what we’ll see,” she warned.

Standard vials with markings

Typical vials labeled “monkeypox vaccine” are shown in this illustration taken on May 25, 2022.
(Reuters/Dado Rovich/Illustration/file photo)


Monkeypox, which is associated with smallpox, has milder symptoms and these include fever, chills, rash, and aches before the lesions appear.

Julia Mosto of FOX News and The Associated Press contributed to this report.

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